In the private equity secondaries market, 2020 was hailed as “the year of the GP-led”. Once again, 2021 has been dominated by talk of single or multi-asset general partner liquidity solutions. The level of private equity secondary dealflow led one participant to tell me, “It’s a GP-led party!” While private debt players are not really known for being party animals, they are increasingly leaving the sides of the disco and are now tentatively beginning to step towards the dancefloor.
By a GP-led deal, what we mean is any secondary transaction instigated by the general partner, as opposed to the limited partner. One of the most common forms of private equity secondaries is a sale of one or more assets from a mature existing fund to a new continuation vehicle managed by the same GP.
The new fund will usually have one new lead LP which has set the price for the transfer (usually after an auction process), and existing LPs typically have the option of taking liquidity today or rolling into the new fund.
The rationale for doing so could be that the regular exit routes do not fully value the business(es) and/or there is further upside to the asset(s), but it would take longer than the expected remaining life of the fund to realise that full potential. Additionally, if a fund has legacy LPs that no longer consider the GP to be core to their strategies, a GP-led transaction can allow those LPs to take liquidity, ideally lock in a strong return, and enable the GP to renew its LP base with new investors who are likely to be more favourable towards its strategy.
The alternative to a GP-led could be to extend the duration of the existing fund or run a tender offer process, and a good GP would explore all options with its LP advisory committee before embarking on any given transaction.
To date, we have not seen many private debt GP-led deals announced in public. While some private debt secondary players tell us that the majority of their dealflow is picking up LP stakes, others tell us that much of what they transact on consists of bilateral partnerships with GPs – financing portfolios of co-investments, warehoused assets sold into separately managed accounts, strip sales and so on – which tend not to be reported.
This is perhaps why the published figures on private debt secondaries arguably don’t show the entire picture. According to Evercore, for instance, private debt accounted for 2 percent of total secondaries in H1 2021, making an annual dollar value of around $2 billion, assuming total secondaries at circa $100 billion for the year. Most private debt secondary players would, however, tell us they see more like $10 billion to $15 billion of annual dealflow, with around $5 billion of that closing. In a recent conversation I had with the private debt secondary team at Pantheon, they told me that they anticipate that number growing above $15 billion in 2022, of which roughly half is expected to consist of GPs exploring liquidity solutions, with the rest being LP stakes.
Portfolios, not deals
The one difference the Pantheon team pointed out is that in private equity, most GP-led deals tend to be single asset continuation vehicles, whereas in private debt they are mostly made up of portfolios of loans. They therefore prefer to use the term “GP portfolio solutions” as opposed to “GP-led deals”.
I have argued that in many respects GP-leds/GP portfolio solutions are more relevant for private debt managers than private equity since the former usually do not have the same level of control over the liquidity timing of their portfolio. We certainly appreciate the rationale for private debt GPs wanting to partner with secondary investors such as Pantheon, and believe in the year to come we will see more private debt managers step forward to embark on these deals that are now commonplace on the private equity side.
We have just closed one such transaction with Eurazeo, the Paris-based manager, which in many respects, was a first of its kind in private debt – a consolidation of assets from three mature funds on behalf of a private debt manager into one continuation vehicle, funded by three LPs.
The dynamics of this deal made perfect sense for the sellers, buyers and GP combined. For existing LPs, it enabled three sub-scale vehicles to be wound up. The tail-end portfolio comprised equity and subordinated debt as well as senior loans and, given that many of the assets were on a recovery path from the impact of covid, it provided welcome certainty on timing and return.
For the buyers, they were able to make their own assessment of the downside risks, what upside the equity offered and, combined with visibility on some early distributions, it enabled them to make an attractive offer on the assets.
Finally, for the GP, it consolidated the portfolio into one vehicle, thereby lessening the administrative burden. It also allowed it to pay out carry to previous employees and realign the newly formed fund with the existing team, as well as bring in new LP relationships.
What we saw here, therefore, was a GP taking advantage of the progress in the private debt secondary market to essentially ‘tidy up’ its portfolio. It provided liquidity for those LPs that desired it, created the appropriate duration and economics around its remaining portfolio, and renewed its LP base.
Given how mature the private debt market has become, we expect to see far more of these types of deals in the coming months. Judging by the private debt secondary funds being raised, clearly the buy side believes there is more dealflow to come in 2022. Private equity secondaries giant Coller Capital launched a dedicated credit vehicle last year, while Apollo Global Management also created a splash with a new credit secondaries business. Meanwhile, the likes of Tikehau Capital and Pantheon continued to be active fundraisers.
So how else should we expect to see GPs partnering with this growing secondary LP capital? I discussed some of the ways we are seeing private debt clients partnering with secondary LPs in the article I wrote for Private Debt Investor’s April 2021 edition, and in the above panel we list the other deals we are active with: tender offers, replacement cornerstones, warehousing assets for SMAs, strip sales and funding portfolios of co-investments.
I am sure we will see a lot more of these types of deals in 2022, as additional capital is raised, private debt managers become more confident in the tools available to them and begin to appreciate the benefits for them as a manager, as well as for their LPs. Private debt managers may be turning up fashionably late to the party, but as far as they are concerned, it is just getting going.
Daniel Roddick is a partner at Ely Place Partners, a London-based investment