Direct lending has experienced enormous growth since the global financial crisis, filling a gap that retrenching banks left behind. It has also been a market driven by tailwinds while constantly bracing itself for an inevitable downturn. Now that one is here, what is the outlook?
One investor we asked found that almost one-quarter of his organisation’s private debt portfolio companies were subject to high impact from covid-19. Unsurprisingly, many of these were in vulnerable sectors such as retail, hospitality and travel. Eyes are on the operational models that GPs talked about when they raised their funds and whether those models will live up to their billing. Some think this is an environment where the private debt arms of private equity firms may come into their own because of the ability to tap private equity colleagues’ operational nous. But there have always been concerns over possible conflicts of interest.
From around 2010-13 a net return of around 8-10 percent was considered par for the course for direct lending. Since then, competition has compressed returns and made that target range more like 6-8 percent. How returns fare in the period ahead depends on the level of defaults. This is tricky to assess. Everyone knows they’ll go higher, but few would dare to predict exactly how high.
Since the health crisis emerged, documentation has been getting slightly more favourable for lenders. Some sponsors are recognising that certain EBITDA addbacks cannot be justified in such an uncertain economic environment, and also that cash should not be leaked out of businesses that may need to keep hold of that cash for the next year or two at least. However, there is still a lot of competition for deals in sectors perceived to be covid-resilient and, in these cases, bidders are fighting over the terms as well as the price.
While a lot of capital has been raised for distressed debt by global mega-funds, observers have noted a number of new emerging distressed debt managers in Europe targeting niche opportunities – including the possibility of purchases from direct lenders. This would be something of a novelty for the direct lending market, where secondary trades have been a rarity to date. It may also be a sign that all is not well for everyone.
Keep an eye out for the November cover story in Private Debt Investor, in which we ask limited partners in the US, Europe and Asia-Pacific their thoughts about direct lending.
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